Posts Tagged ‘Coaching in Basingstoke’
Lindsey began with a brief history of Nipaipo and throughout the Masterclass gave technical tips on how to perform the Kata.
- There is some disagreement of the Meaning of it’s name with some people saying 28 steps and others saying two eight steps. The original meaning has been lost
- It’s also known as Nepai in some styles of Karate.
- Taken originally by Kenwa Mabuni from White Crane style Kung Fu (one of the names it was known as was Er Shi Ba) and adapted to Shito Ryu style of karate. Further adaptations were made by Teruo Hayashi, another exponent of Shito Ryu in the 1980’s.
- It can also be seen in some Kung Fu styles as Quick Fist form (Sangfeng Quaichuan). The Kung Fu version is much softer and more flowing but similarities are still apparent.
- Typically considered as 2nd dan and above level kata, in some groups it’s a 6th Dan level Karate kata.
- Has been taken from Shito Ryu and adapted to suit other styles of karate (e.g. Shorin Ryu).
- Approx 47 moves incorporating punches, kicks, blocks, locks and throws.
Learning and studying Kata is an important part of karate training. As a form of training it teaches us co-ordination, concentration, develops physical strength, speed, focus, power, breath control and martial skill.
The process of learning kata involves many layers of development. Typically we start by looking at the moves and their basic elements such as the placement of the feet and hands and slowly piece together the sequence until we have learnt the whole kata.
We also look at the bunkai or meaning and application of the moves, it’s important to understand the applications which you are practising – if not, then ultimately you are merely performing movements with your hands and feet, like a dance, but you have lost the essence of the martial art which you are trying to learn.
As we become more confident in the sequence we can start to layer in the correct speed, timing, focus and breathing. It is an ongoing learning process and no matter how long you’ve been studying there are always things which can be improved and new and varied applications to be uncovered.
Performing kata in competition adds a new dimension to the challenge. It takes confidence and self-control to perform before judges, spectators and against the abilities of others. It’s amazing how a kata can be performed 100 times in the dojo correctly but when the additional stresses of competition are added the mind goes blank and competitors forget moves or let the nerves take over and lose their strength and spirit. There are some stringent rules applied to competitors which are used to judge a winning performance. There are typically 3 – 5 judges who observe the competitor from different angles and award points based on the following;
In a Kata Match, each performance will not be deemed simply good or bad, but will be judged according to the essential elements in two different criteria:
The following basic points must appear in each performance of a Kata:
- Kata sequence.
- Control of power.
- Control of tension and contraction.
- Control of speed and rhythm.
- Direction of movements.
- Understanding Kata technique.
- Show proper understanding of the Kata Bunkai.
- Stability and balance.
Judges will note the specific important points and the degree of difficulty of the performed Kata. Judgment will be based on:7
a) The mastery of techniques by the contestant.
b) The degree of difficulty and risk in the performance of the Kata.
c) The Budo attitude of the contestant.
The following youtube clips worth having a look at if you wish to look further into this kata:
http://youtu.be/Bt-jtJOqthw Quickfist form
http://youtu.be/FXzmbgMs-08 Nepai kata
http://youtu.be/5lsb-Rn2pCM Nipaipo kata
Talking about work and education
Following on from my previous update on communication skills in other sports, in this update, I will be looking at how these same skills are transferable into work and education. However as a student with little experience of work I will focus mainly on communication in education.
When I was looking at the methods we use to learn martial arts, I identified different types of learners:
- Auditory (like things explained)
- Visual (prefer to what demonstrations)
- Kinaesthetic (prefer to learn through doing)
In schools, when a teacher is teaching a lesson, they too have to engage each different type of learner, so that they gain the best from what they are being taught. For example in science; we often learn about an experiment or theory theoretically through book work, and then so everyone fully understands we actually do they experiment or practical to put what we have learned into practice. This is especially useful for learning for exams. By using a combination of all three methods, we are more likely to remember whatever it is for the exam. I can justify this be saying it does work, after passing all of my science exams, it must of worked.
When practicing a technique in martial arts with a partner, we give feedback. This is where we tell them what is wrong and how they can improve. This can be adapted for education. Teachers and fellow students who mark your work are told to give a comment of what is good and provide constructive criticism and then suggest ways for them to improve their work. As in martial arts it’s the teachers duty to point out mistakes at remind everyone how to do/perform something properly.
In education we are set homework where we study something at home. This is important as it helps to consolidate the information we learn in class and makes sure we can apply it and
remember it. I feel independent study in martial arts is important to for the same reasons. If you’re like me and have to study for exams and other elements of education you often forget katas and forms so home practice is essential so we don’t forget them and also it help to improve the way we do them.
If teaching, it can be very easy to create misunderstanding amongst students. I find if a teacher at school isn’t being clear with what they are saying; it can often become difficult to pick up
what they are teaching. Thankfully, as our martial arts teachers do, they check to see if they are being clear and if we do understand. An example of a lesson very similar to martial arts is PE (Physical Education). PE can be taught outside or inside and expands a wide range of sports and therefore a wider range of techniques. When teaching outside, it will be harder for students to hear you – due to background noise – so you have to use both non visual and visual techniques. This allows the teacher to try to reduce confusion for the students being taught.
When visiting The AA for my work experience in the summer, I became a member of a small team. Despite my lack of experience at work, I could see that when working in a team communication was essential to the team solving their problems they were tasked to do so. Due to the variety of different people in a working environment, everyone’s opinion and views have to be taken into account and shared effectively with others. This means the leader, much like a teacher has to communicate in a way that suits each individual. Another skill transferable between martial arts and work is giving good feedback. Praise allows a business’s employees to feel important and work better with their team.
Following on from methods of communication we use for learning martial arts, the next area of my research project involves communication used by martial arts teachers to coach – b) As a martial arts teacher, what methods of communication do we use to coach?
I see this area of the project; include methods of communication to also mean different communication mediums, as well as the different communication techniques in each area.
A coach needs to be able to control their classes, know what they are doing and make sure they are able to effectively communicate to their students what they are trying to teach them. Coaches teach. Teaching is predominantly made up of talking and so when teaching, a coach uses verbal techniques presenting to one person or to larger class. Method of communications martial arts teachers use to coach include informing. Informing – is the dissemination of information – allows a teacher to coach students’ martial arts and try to reduce misunderstanding. I found this on one website saying:
“There is an old story that, in the First World War, the front line sent a message via runners to the general. The message said: “Send reinforcements, we are going to advance”. By the time the message reached the general it said “send three and fourpence, we are going to a dance”.”
This shows that the way you give information to people can impact the final message received by people and if teachers don’t give the message in a direct clear way to their students, sometimes they don’t get the right message and can end up performing something dangerous and incorrect or even offending students.
Martial arts teachers also use the technique of advice to coach there students. Every student has goals and aspirations they would like to achieve in martial arts. The teacher’s job is to give advice and coach their students in the most relevant ways in order for students to achieve their goals.
Moving back to the communication methods, there is an increase in martial arts teachers posting on blogs and often about coaching. These posts are on blogs for students and the public to read. Some posts are there to coach students into the right mind set for learning martial arts, thus allowing them to reach their full potential. Others explain why we do different things in martial arts, such as repetition giving students a deeper understanding on some aspects they may be unsure on. Also this helps further consolidate what students may have learned in class. This is an easy way for martial arts teachers to coach their students in what they personally think about martial arts and what they think their students should be doing to improve on their practice.
Due to the uprising of YouTube, there is an increase in visual videos posted by martial teachers to coach students. These can vary widely on watch they teach. Some coaches post videos on how to perform and improve certain techniques such as a roundhouse kick, and others post videos of forms and katas for their students to practice in their spare time so they can study what and how their coach is doing the moves and if necessary consult their instructor in their next class. Methods of communication like this are on the increase however there is a downside. With videos there is no direct interaction with a martial arts instructor so this can lead to some students not practicing safely if they are performing techniques incorrectly, but also lead to “rookies” who’ve never trained before trying to teach themselves which could be unsafe.